Greg Gormick brings us this story on the future of light rail in Toronto. He says that the debate over Toronto’s Transit City light rail transit plan has been between critics who don’t know the benefits of light rail and supporters who have been unable to articulate those benefits. He explains the differences between streetcars and light rail. The later evolved from the former in European cities after WWII, when transit started losing ridership to cars. Light rail became a mid-capacity system between high-capacity subways and low-capacity buses. Light rail became larger, smoother, quieter, farther spaced, and faster, and had priority signaling and their own right-of-way. At the same time, European cities embraced transit-oriented development, controlling sprawl and creating vibrant new neighborhoods. They also embraced a concept known as lateral segregation, which gives transit users, drivers, cyclists and pedestrians their own part of the road adapted to their specific needs.
The effects have been economically and socially stimulating, and a number of cities that tore out streetcar systems have either replaced them with light rail or are in the process of doing so. Edmonton was the first North American city to adopt light rail in 1978. Since then, in places such as San Diego, Dallas and Portland, light rail has gotten people out of their cars, acted as an economic catalyst, and revived failing neighborhoods. He argues that those who oppose the plan, who say that a new light rail line will have exactly the opposite effect, are fighting against historic precedent. Light rail is also much cheaper than subways, an alternative supported by some, and can generally be built faster. Building a new light rail system would make Toronto more competitive, more environmentally friendly, and more economically robust.